Inheritance of resistance to southern corn rust in tropical-by-corn-belt maize populations uri icon

abstract

  • The inheritance of resistance to southern rust (caused by Puccinia polysora Underw.) was investigated in two F-2:3, populations derived from crossing two temperate-adapted, 100% tropical maize (Zea mays L.) inbred lines (1416-1 and 1497-2) to a susceptible Corn Belt Dent hybrid, B73Ht x Mo17Ht. The inbred lines possess high levels of resistance to southern rust and may be unique sources of resistance genes. Heritability for resistance was estimated as 30% and 50% in the two populations from regression of F-2:3, family mean scores on F-2 parent scores, and as 65% and 75% from variances among F-2:3 families on a single-plot basis. RFLP loci on three chromosomal regions previously known to possess genes for resistance to either southern rust or common rust (P. sorghi Schw.) were used to localize genes affecting resistance to southern rust in selected genotypes of both populations, and to estimate their genetic effects. A single locus on 10S, bnl3.04, was associated with 82-83% of the variation among field resistance scores of selected F-2:3 families in the two populations. Loci on chromosomes 3 (umc26) and 4 (umc31) were significantly associated with resistance in the 1497-2 population, each accounting for 13-15% of the phenotypic variation for F-2:3 field scores. Multiple-marker locus models, including loci from chromosomes 3, 4, and 10 and their epistatic interactions, accounted for 96-99% of the variation in F-2:3 field scores. Similar results were obtained for resistance measured by counting pustules on juvenile plants in the greenhouse, An attempt was made to determine if the major gene for resistance from 1416-1 was allelic to Rpp9, which is also located on 10S. Testcross families from the cross (1416-1 x B37Rpp9) x B14AHt were evaluated for resistance to southern rust in Mexico. Neither source of resistance was completely effective in this environment, preventing determination of allelism of the two genes; however, both sources of resistance had better partial resistance to southern rust than did B144Ht.

publication date

  • 1998
  • 1998
  • 1998