Rural Poverty Dynamics in Kenya: Structural Declines and Stochastic Escapes uri icon

abstract

  • We use panel survey data and household event-histories to explore patterns of rural poverty dynamics in Kenya over the period 2000-2009. We find substantial mobility across poverty categories using economic transition matrices. Drawing on asset-based approaches, we distinguish stochastic from structural poverty transitions. Few households successfully escaped poverty through asset accumulation (up to 35% of the upwardly mobile), while a large proportion of households (up to 66%) declining into poverty experienced structural transitions. Using household event-histories, we find significant differences across structural poverty transition classes in livelihood strategies, household-level shocks, and other factors. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • We use panel survey data and household event-histories to explore patterns of rural poverty dynamics in Kenya over the period 2000?2009. We find substantial mobility across poverty categories using economic transition matrices. Drawing on asset-based approaches, we distinguish stochastic from structural poverty transitions. Few households successfully escaped poverty through asset accumulation (up to 35% of the upwardly mobile), while a large proportion of households (up to 66%) declining into poverty experienced structural transitions. Using household event-histories, we find significant differences across structural poverty transition classes in livelihood strategies, household-level shocks, and other factors

publication date

  • 2012
  • 2012
  • 2012