Bionomics of the acarophagous ladybird beetle Stethorus tridens fed Tetranychus evansi uri icon

abstract

  • The bionomics of Stethorus tridens Gordon fed Tetranychus evansi Baker & Pritchard were studied in the laboratory. The number of prey consumed by S. tridens increased with increasing instar levels and the total mean number consumed during immature development was 184.1 +/- 18.02 T. evansi nymphs per individual. For adult male and adult female, the daily consumption was 41.3 +/- 0.80 and 67.8 +/- 1.69 nymphs, respectively. Stethorus tridens successfully developed to adulthood between 20 and 30 degrees C but failed at 10, 15 and 35 degrees C. The lower thermal threshold for egg-to-adult development estimated via linear regression and the modified Logan model was 9.2 and 8.1 degrees C, respectively. The optimum and maximum temperatures for egg-to-adult development were around 29-31 and 32.9 degrees C, respectively. Egg to adult development time was 23.8 +/- 0.24, 17.4 +/- 0.22, 16.2 +/- 0.22 and 12.1 +/- 0.16 days at 20, 24, 27 and 30 degrees C, respectively. At 27 degrees C, the sex ratio, expressed as the proportion of females, was 0.54 and the mean preoviposition, oviposition and postoviposition periods were 10.3 +/- 0.67, 31.2 +/- 4.74 and 30.2 +/- 5.24 days, respectively. The oviposition rate was 4.0 +/- 0.16 eggs/female/day with a female mean longevity of 71.6 +/- 6.19 days and an intrinsic rate of natural increase of 0.104. The potential of S. tridens as a candidate natural enemy of T. evansi is discussed.

publication date

  • 2007
  • 2007
  • 2007