Interactions of the Solanum spp. of the Etuberosa group and nine potato-infecting viruses and a viroid uri icon

abstract

  • All 26 accessions of Solanum brevidens, one accession of S. etuberosum and one accession of S. fernandezianum tested were all extremely resistant to potato leafroll virus (PLRV) and potato viruses Y (PVY) and A (PVA). S. brevidens and S. etuberosum were also resistant to Andean potato mottle virus (APMV) and moderately resistant to potato virus X (PVX), whereas S. fernandezianum was susceptible to these viruses. Additionally, S. brevidens was resistant to sap-inoculated potato viruses M (PVM) and S (PVS). All the Etuberosa accessions were susceptible by graft-inoculation to PVM, PVS, potato virus T (PVT) and Andean potato latent virus (APLV). Infections by the above mentioned viruses were symptomless in all of the Etuberosa spp. S. etuberosum and S. fernandezianum were infected by mechanical inoculation with potato spindle tuber viroid, S. etuberosum developing severe stunting and leaf-curl symptoms, but S. brevidens was infected only by graft-inoculation.
  • The genes conferring resistance to PVY and PVX in S. brevidens and S. etuberosum appeared to be different from those currently utilised by plant breeders.

publication date

  • 1992
  • 1992