Conservation of the genetic variation of Triticum tauschii (Coss.) Schmalh. (Aegilops squarrosa auct. non L.) in synthetic hexaploid wheats (T. turgidum L. s.lat. X T. tauschii; 2 n = 6x = 42, AABBDD) and its potential utilization for wheat improvement uri icon

abstract

  • Triticum tauschii (Coss.) Schmalh. (Aegilops squarrosa auct. non L., 2n = 2x = 14, DD genome) with its diverse range of accessions and distribution provides a unique opportunity for exploiting novel genetic variability for wheat (T. aestivum L.) improvement associated with biotic/abiotic stress factors. From our working collection of 490 T. tauschii accessions we have so far produced 430 different synthetic hexaploids (2n = 6x = 42, AABBDD) resulting from the chromosome doubling of Triticum turgidum L. s. lat. x T. tauschii F-1 hybrids (each synthetic involving a different T. tauschii accession). We present here our results on hybrid production, plantlet regeneration, cytology, colchicine induced doubling of the 2n = 3x = 21 chromosome F1 hybrids, seed increase of the doubled progeny and screening for a biotic stress; Cochliobolus sativus Ito and Kuribay (syn. Helminthosporium sativum Pamm. King and Bakke); of 250 of these synthetic hexaploid (2n = 6x = 42) amphiploids. Application of the direct crossing methodology involving susceptible T. aestivum cultivars with resistant T. tauschii accessions is also alluded to.

publication date

  • 1996
  • 1996