Comparison of bread wheat lines selected by doubled haploid, single-seed descent and pedigree selection methods uri icon

abstract

  • Yield performance of each group of ten spring bread wheat lines selected by doubled haploid (DH), single-seed descent (SSD) and pedigree selection (PS) methods from three F-1 crosses was compared with the aim of evaluating the DH method in breeding programs. Populations of 65-97 DH lines and 110 SSD lines per cross were used for selection. PS lines were developed by repeated selections from 1500 F-2 plants. Yield evaluation was performed at the Fg generation of SSD and PS lines along with DH lines in a 2-year field experiment. It took only 2 years from the planting of wheat materials for DH production to the planting of selected DH lines for yield evaluation. There was no significant difference in grain yield between DH lines and PS lines selected from an F-1 cross whose parental varieties were closely related in their pedigrees, In two crosses with low coefficients of parentage and a large variation in their progenies, grain yield of selected DH lines was significantly lower than those of selected SSD and PS lines. These results confirm that the DH method can save time in obtaining recombinant inbred lines ready for yield evaluation. However, a larger DH population is required to achieve the same level of genetic advance with the PS method in crosses containing greater genetic variation.

publication date

  • 1998
  • 1998