Agronomic indices, growth, yield-contributing traits, and yield of dry-seeded rice under varying herbicides uri icon

abstract

  • Dry-seeded rice (DSR) is an emerging resource-conseiving technology in many Asian countries, but weeds remain the major threat to the production of DSR systems. A field study was conducted in 2012 and 2013 at the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Los Baps; Philippines, to evaluate the performance of sole and sequential applications of preemergence (oxadiazon and pendimethalin), early postemergence (butachlor+propanil and thiobencarb+2,4-D), and late postemergence herbicides (bispyribac-sodium and fenoxaprop+ethoxysulfuron) with different modes of action in comparison to manual weeding in DSR. The sequential applications of all preemergence and postemergence herbicides reduced weed density and biomass by 80-100% compared to the nontreated plots. The sole application of postemergence herbicides reduced weed density by only 44-54% and weed biomass by 51-61%, whereas oxadiazon alone reduced weed density and biomass by 96-100%. All herbicide treatments and manual weeding significantly affected tiller number, biomass, crop growth rate, agronomic indices, yield-contributing parameters (panicle density and filled grains), and yield (biological and grain) of rice. The highest grain yield was obtained in the manually weeded plots (5.9-6.1 t ha(-1)) and the plots treated with oxadiazon alone (5.4-5.6 t ha(-1)) and oxadiazon followed by postemergence herbicides (5.2-5.8 t ha(-1)). The lowest paddy yield (0.22 t ha(-1)) was achieved in the nontreated plots followed by the plots treated with the sole application of bispyribac-sodium and fenoxaprop+ethoxysulfuron. The results suggest that oxadiazon is the best broad-spectrum and economically effective herbicide when applied alone or in combination with other effective postemergence herbicides with different modes of action, depending on the weed species present in the field. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2015
  • 2015
  • 2015