The Reach of Rural Services in Ethiopia: An Asset and Gender-Based Public Expenditure Benefit Incidence Analysis uri icon

abstract

  • Agricultural extension and food security transfers have constituted the bulk of public spending in agriculture in Ethiopia. This article assesses who exactly is benefiting from this public spending, by undertaking a benefit incidence analysis of these programmes in agricultural areas. A mixed picture of these programmes emerges: extension provision generally has an incidence benefitting low-wealth households. However, comparison between average and marginal benefit incidence suggests that additional expansion of the programme would be less pro-poor than the programme is as a whole. The benefit incidence of food/cash for works programmes is, interestingly, more progressive than free food/cash transfers, possibly reflecting varying effectiveness of different targeting mechanisms underlying these two. The gender incidence of extension is strongly skewed, reflecting a bias towards men.

publication date

  • 2013
  • 2013