Early planting and overseeding in the cultural control of rice seedling maggot Atherigona oryzae Malloch in the Philippines uri icon

abstract

  • Rice seedling maggot Atherigona oryzae Malloch is a minor pest of upland rice Oryza sativa L. and maize Zea mays L. in the Philippines. Two cultural control methods, early planting and overseeding, were evaluated separately on upland rice in an eroded, high rainfall area in Northern Mindanao. Farmers plant maize ahead of upland rice in separate fields with the onset of the rainy season. Regression analysis from data over six seasons showed on average the first 50% of farmers who planted ahead of their neighbours suffered damage significantly below the 5% deadheart action threshold. When early rice planting relative to one's neighbours was combined with earliness with regard to sowing maize, damage was further reduced. Useful methods for forecasting deadheart incidence 1-2 months ahead of rice planting were developed. The deadheart incidence rate was highly correlated with the amount of rain that fell in February and March as well as with the number of adults collected from bait traps in March or April. Six seeding rates were compared in 20-kg increments from 50 to 150 kg/ha with and without insecticide seed treatment. There was no significant yield response over the seeding rates tested when protected by insecticide, but when untreated, the highest yield occurred at 120 kg seed/ha and the greatest return at 90 kg/ha. Yields declined above the 120 kg/ha level from interplant competition. Rice seedling maggot egg density decreased but the deadheart incidence rate increased with increasing plant densities, both linearly. Perhaps higher plant densities led to greater larval survival and dispersal. Planting rice early is dependent on early maize planting. Planting maize early and following maize within the generation period of rice seedling maggot with rice sown from 90 to 120 kg/ha would be particularly beneficial in years when the rice seedling maggot is predicted to be a high risk.

publication date

  • 2003
  • 2003