Variation of Resistance to Different Strains of Ralstonia Solanacearum in Highland Tropics Adapted Potato Genotypes uri icon

abstract

  • Ten potato genotypes with field resistance to bacterial wilt were evaluated for resistance to five strains of Ralstonia solanacearum belonging to biovars 1, 2A, 2T and 3 (phylotypes I and II) under greenhouse conditions. The plants were inoculated by pouring bacterial suspension into the soil and wilt incidence was recorded weekly. Stems and tubers of symptomless plants were tested for latent infection using post-enrichment NCM-ELISA. The analysis of variance of the percentage of infected plants indicated significant differences among potato genotypes and strains of R.solanacearum. Complete resistance to all tested strains was not observed in any of the potato genotypes. However, CIP 394895.7 was the most resistant genotype, showing hardly any wilting and low level of latent infections. The use of potato varieties with partial resistance like this genotype in combination with crop rotation, healthy seed and sanitation practices could significantly reduce losses due to bacterial wilt.

publication date

  • 2015
  • 2015