The cytogenetics of a Triticum turgidum x Psathyrostachys juncea hybrid and its backcross derivatives. uri icon

abstract

  • Psathyrostachys juncea (2n = 2x = 14, NN), a source of barley yellow dwarf (BYDV) virus resistance with tolerance to drought and salinity, has been successfully hybridized in its autotetraploid form (2n = 4x = 28, NNNN) as the pollen parent to durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L.). The 2n = 4x = 28 (ABNN) F-1 hybrid has a mean meiotic metaphase-I configuration of 20.29 univalents + 0.29 ring bivalents + 3.36 rod bivalents + 0.14 trivalents. Spike length, internode length, glume awn length and lemma awn length, as well as the general spike morphology of the F-1 hybrid, are intermediate with those of the two parents. Pollinating the ABNN F-1 hybrid has given backcross (BC)-I derivatives of an amphiploid (AABBNN) that expresses limited self-fertility. BC-2 derivatives have been obtained from these plants. Direct transfers of useful genes from Ps. juncea to wheat would require substantial genetic manipulation strategies. Both conventional and novel methodologies, which may complement each other, and so facilitate reaching an agricultural objective end point, are addressed.

publication date

  • 1995
  • 1995