Prospects for sustaining Vietnam's reacquired rice exporter status uri icon

abstract

  • Since 1989, Vietnam has been exporting 1-2 million tons of rice making it the third largest rice exporting country in the world, What are the prospects for expanding, or even sustaining, Vietnam's recent re-acquired rice exporter status? Two clear conclusions emerge from the discussion in this paper, Given limited opportunities for area expansion, the high cost of further irrigation infrastructure development, and the almost complete exploitation of technological potential in the high-potential environments, it is highly unlikely that rice output in Vietnam will grow to the extent of satisfying rising domestic demands while at the same time leading to an expansion in exports, As for sustaining current export levels, the prospects are moderate to good over the long term, but are quite dependent on further policy and institutional reforms, infrastructural investments, and technological progress, Therefore, rice productivity and exports can be sustained only if government policy is favorable in terms of improving producer incentives, dismantling export barriers, streamlining input and output marketing systems, and enhancing research and infrastructural investments. (C) 1997 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.

publication date

  • 1997
  • 1997