Effect of water availability and temperature on the genotype-by-environment interaction of pearl millet in semi-arid tropical environments uri icon

abstract

  • Grain yields in drought-affected environments are often characterized by large genotype-by-environment (GE) interactions, caused by a highly variable timing and intensity of stress occurrence. The aim of our study was to assess the effectiveness of simple meteorological environmental descriptions in providing an understanding of the environmental contribution to the GE interaction of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.) in the semi-arid tropics. The experiment comprised fourteen genotypes, grown across 24 environments in India. Data on water availability throughout the season and maximum temperatures during grain filling were used to describe the environments. Escape from drought and heat stress were the major factors determining the GE interaction. Both the timing and intensity of stress occurrence were important. Knowledge of the environmental causes of the GE interaction may facilitate the identification of adaptive plant traits, and may also enable a more rational choice of test locations for breeding programs

publication date

  • 1996
  • 1996