Response of upland rice cultivars to weed competition in the savannas of West Africa uri icon

abstract

  • A 2-year field study was conducted to assess the effect of weed competition on the performance of upland rice cultivars in the savannas of Nigeria. A split-plot design was used with three weeding levels as the main plot treatments and the rice cultivars CG 14, ITA 150, WAB 56-104, NERICA1, NERICA2, and NERICA4 as the subplots. Grain yield, spikelets plant(-1) and days to flowering differed significantly in plots weeded once or twice. Weed dry weight was negatively correlated with grain yield. Grain yield in all cultivars was over 50% less in the unweeded plots than in plots weeded once or twice. At Sabon-Gari, NERICA1 (unweeded or weeded twice), and NERICA4 (weeded once) were the most profitable. At Tilla, NERICA4 was the most profitable when weeded once or twice. Results showed that, given the profitability levels under the different weeding regimes, farmers would have higher marginal returns if they grew NERICA1 at Sabon-Gari and NERICA4 at Tilla and weed their rice plots twice. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • A 2-year field study was conducted to assess the effect of weed competition on the performance of upland rice cultivars in the savannas of Nigeria. A split-plot design was used with three weeding levels as the main plot treatments and the rice cultivars CG 14, ITA 150, WAB 56-104, NERICA1, NERICA2, and NERICA4 as the subplots. Grain yield, spikelets plant-1 and days to flowering differed significantly in plots weeded once or twice. Weed dry weight was negatively correlated with grain yield. Grain yield in all cultivars was over 50% less in the unweeded plots than in plots weeded once or twice. At Sabon-Gari, NERICA1 (unweeded or weeded twice), and NERICA4 (weeded once) were the most profitable. At Tilla, NERICA4 was the most profitable when weeded once or twice. Results showed that, given the profitability levels under the different weeding regimes, farmers would have higher marginal returns if they grew NERICA1 at Sabon-Gari and NERICA4 at Tilla and weed their rice plots twice.

publication date

  • 2009
  • 2009
  • 2009