Risks and spatial connectivity evidence from food price crisis in rural Indonesia uri icon

abstract

  • This paper examines the impact of the agricultural commodity price surge globally experienced in 2007/2008 and thereafter on income growth of agricultural producers and non-producers using recent panel data from Indonesia. First, during this period, producers experienced significantly higher earnings and total income growth than non-producers (narrowing their income gap). Second, the negative effect on non-producers' real incomes was smaller in spatially well-connected areas, where, to mitigate the impact, private transfers (such as remittances) as well as employment incomes increased among non-producers. In contrast, government programs did not effectively cushion the income shock. Therefore, informal insurance was more effective than formal government-funded social protection programs to mitigate the crisis shock. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2012
  • 2012