Evaluation of groundnut genotypes for heat tolerance under field conditions in a Sahelian environment using a simple physiological model for yield uri icon

abstract

  • Heat tolerance of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) was evaluated under field conditions using physiological traits identified in a yield model (crop growth rate (C), reproductive duration (Dr) and partitioning (p)). In 1991, 625 diverse genotypes were initially screened under irrigation during the hottest months (February to May). Subsequent tests consisted of 16 contrasting genotypes selected based on a combination of high pod yield and partitioning coefficient of >0· 50. Large variation was observed among the 625 genotypes for pod yield and physiological traits. C was a powerful factor influencing pod yield. Eight genotypes combining high pod yield and a partitioning coefficient greater than 0·6 were identified. These included two released cultivars (55?437 and 796) in the Sahel. Correlations between seasons were significant for p (r=0·84), but non-significant for pod yield (r=0·40), C (r=0·39), and Dr (0·36). Date of sowing and genotypes had significant effects on pod yield and C, but were slight on p and Dr. Pod yield of most genotypes declined by more than 50% when flowering and pod formation occurred when maximum temperatures averaged 40°C. The results revealed that estimates of p would be a more reliable selection criterion for identification of genotypes tolerant to heat than yield. Further research is suggested to maximize crop growth rate and partitioning of genotypes growing under supra-optimal temperatures

publication date

  • 2001
  • 2001