Temporal and spatial aspects of the epidemiology of sorghum downy mildew on maize
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The development of systemic disease from primary inoculum sources of sorghum downy mildew was studied on field-grown maize in Thailand. Data were recorded five times, from the first appearance of disease until 5 weeks after plant emergence. The incidence of diseased plants decreased with increasing distance from the primary inoculum sources, and the slope of the gradient flattened as the epidemic progressed, The steepest gradient of disease incidence was observed downwind. The progress in time and spread in space of disease about primary foci is described by three non-linear models which fit the data equally well. However, the resulting gradients at wider distances are different. With two models the gradients decrease asymptotically to zero with increasing distance, whilst the other model leads to negative values above a certain distance. The rates of isopath movement of all models decrease with time, but the effect of distance on the isopathic rate is different; the rate can decrease, stay constant or increase with distance.
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