Differentiation of rice tungro bacilliform virus strains by restriction analysis and DNA hybridization. uri icon

abstract

  • Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) is one of the two viruses that cause tungro disease. Four RTBV strains maintained in the greenhouse for 4 years, G1, G2, Ic, and L, were differentiated by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of the native viral DNA. Although strains G1 and Ic had identical restriction patterns when cleaved with Pst 1, BamHI, EcoRI, and EcoRV, they can be differentiated from strains G2 and L by EcoRI and EcoRV digestion. These same endonucleases also differentiate strain G2 from strain L. When total DNA extracts from infected plants were used instead of viral DNA, and digested with Eca RV, identical restriction patterns for each strain (G2 and L) were obtained from roots, leaves, and leaf sheaths of infected plants. The restriction patterns were consistent from plant to plant, in different varieties, and at different times after inoculation. This technique can be used to differentiate RTBV strains and determine the variability of a large number of field samples. (C) 1998 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 1998
  • 1998