Chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus, a new leafhopper‐transmitted geminivirus of chickpea in India uri icon

abstract

  • A disease of chickpea in India, characterised by chlorosis, severe stunting and phloem browning, was shown to be caused by a geminivirus. This virus was transmitted by the leafhopper Orosius orientalis from chickpea to chickpea and several other plant species. A method for purification of this virus was devised and a polyclonal antiserum produced. The majority of the purified particles were geminate. The size of the coat protein was shown to be 32 kD and the nucleic acid was shown to be circular ssDNA of 2900 nucleotides. By immunosorbent electron microscopy this virus was shown to be unrelated to the leafhopper-transmitted geminiviruses known to infect dicotyledons such as beet curly top, bean summer death and tobacco yellow dwarf viruses. On the basis of particle morphology, leafhopper transmission, host range and serology this virus was considered to be a new, hitherto undescribed, geminivirus and was named chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus

publication date

  • 1993
  • 1993