Classification of rice germplasm: III. High-resolution fingerprinting of cytoplasmic genetic male-sterile (CMS) lines with AFLP uri icon

abstract

  • The cytoplasmic genetic male-sterile (CMS) lines developed at the International Rice Research Institute are valuable in producing tropical rice hybrids. Efficient use of CMS lines in hybrid rice production will depend on their level of genetic diversity. Aside from morphological characterization, molecular analysis based on DNA markers can provide information on the genetic diversity of the germplasm. The Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) technique was used to fingerprint 71 CMS lines and four rice cultivars, 'IR64', 'Azucena', 'IR74', and 'FR13A'. Eleven primer pair combinations specific to the enzymes PstI and MseI were used to generate 530 AFLP markers, 176 of which were polymorphic. Each CMS line revealed a distinct fingerprint. The AFLP marker-based dendrogram depicted genetic variation among the CMS lines. The CMS lines developed in japonica background grouped with 'Azucena', a japonica cultivar. None of the CMS lines clustered with 'FR13A', a flood-tolerant traditional indica variety. 'IR64' was found to be distinct from the other indica CMS lines and clustered with lines developed in its background. The grouping of CMS lines into a few groups is useful for breeders in selecting genetically diverse CMS lines for hybrid rice production and in avoiding test crossing every CMS line empirically This study demonstrated that AFLP is a powerful and reliable tool in determining the genetic relationships and in producing distinct fingerprints of rice cultivars.

publication date

  • 1998
  • 1998
  • 1998