Incidence of 1/29 translocation in Bolivian Creole and Brahman Yacumeño cattle uri icon

abstract

  • In Bolivia, four different Creole cattle breeds can be found, as well as other European and Zebu breeds adapted to local environments. The relationship between the occurrence of the 1/29 translocation and subfertility is well known, and analysis of Y chromosome morphology is useful to determine a possible introgression with Bos indicus. The incidence of the 1/29 translocation was analyzed in four Bolivian Creole cattle breeds and the Brahman Yacumeno population, as well as on four farms with phenotypical Creole-type cattle. In 259 (164 dams and 95 sires) Bolivian Creole cattle, 10.42% of the individuals demonstrated the 1/29 translocation, with a variation from 0 to 28.20% between the breeds. In contrast, 43 (19 dams and 24 sires) Yacumeno Brahman and the Creole-type cattle did not show the centric fusion. The highly significant differences between Creole cattle breeds in relation to the incidence of 1/29 translocation could be a consequence of factors such as founder group, genetic drift, and selection. The low frequency observed in the Saavedreno Creole dairy cattle might be explained by its breeding under a more intensive system, and selection according to milk yield and fertility traits. Finally, no relation between acrocentric Y chromosomes and 1/29 translocation was observed. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2002
  • 2002