Root exudates associated with the resistance of four chickpea cultivars (Cicer arietinum) to two races of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceri uri icon

abstract

  • The germination of race 1 spores of F. o. f.sp. ciceris was significantly inhibited by the root exudate of the wilt-resistant chickpea cultivars CPS1 and WR315 compared with untreated spores and spores treated with root exudates from susceptible cultivars. The effect was concn dependent, such that the exudate from 1 g of root in 2 ml of water almost completely inhibited spore germination, whereas the exudate from 1 g of root in 20 ml of water did not. The inhibitory effects of the active exudates were negated when the apolar components of the exudates were removed by extraction with ethyl acetate. The root exudates of the susceptible cv. JG62 and the late wilting cv. H208 did not inhibit germination. The hyphal growth of germinated spores was also strongly inhibited by the concentrated exudates of CPS1 and WR315, and diluted exudates were less potent. The highest concn of the exudate of the susceptible cv. JG62 showed some inhibition of hyphal growth, whereas none of the exudates of H208 contained any antifungal activity. The effect of the exudates on the spores of race 2 was similar to that reported for race 1, except that the water-soluble components of the crude root exudate of WR315 after ethyl acetate extraction also significantly inhibited germination. Overall, the spores of race 2 appeared to be more susceptible to the effects of the exudates. The ethyl acetate fractions of the root exudates of CPS1 and WR315 strongly inhibited germination and hyphal growth of both race 1 and race 2, the effect being concn dependent. It is concluded that the resistance of chickpeas to vascular wilt depends, at least in part, on antifungal activity of root exudates. Differences in the expression of resistance in the field could depend upon the concn or rate of production of constitutive antifungal components by the root

publication date

  • 1995
  • 1995