Male-female differences in agricultural productivity: Methodological issues and empirical evidence uri icon

abstract

  • Most estimates of male-female differences in technical efficiency from production function studies show that male and female farmers are equally efficient farm managers, controlling for levers of inputs and human capital. There is some evidence, however, of allocative inefficiency within households. Marginal products of labor depend on the relative scarcities of labor and the gender division of labor in specific farming systems. Many of these studies, however, are methodologically flawed. Greater attention needs to be given to appropriate estimation methods, endogenous input choice, the use of headship as a stratifying variable, and the implications of intrahousehold resource allocation. Copyright (C) 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd

publication date

  • 1996
  • 1996
  • 1996