Comparison of the observed with the simulated distributions of the parental genome contribution in two marker-assisted backcross programs in rice
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Computer simulations are useful tools to optimize marker-assisted breeding programs. The objective of our study was to investigate the closeness of computer simulations of the recurrent parent genome recovery with experimental data obtained in two marker-assisted backcrossing programs in rice (Orzya sativa L.). We simulated the breeding programs as they were practically carried out. In the simulations we estimated the frequency distributions of the recurrent parent genome proportion in the backcross populations. The simulated distributions were in good agreement with those obtained practically. The simulation results were also observed to be robust with respect to the choice of the mapping function and the accuracy of the linkage map. We conclude that computer simulations are a useful tool for pre-experiment estimation of selection response in marker-assisted backcrossing.
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