Effect of host plant resistance and insecticide on brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) and predator population development in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam uri icon

abstract

  • Crop yield and populations of brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens (Stal), whitebacked planthopper Sogatella furcifera (Horvath) (Homoptera: Delphacidae), green leafhopper Nephotettix spp. (Homoptera: Cicadellidae), and hemipteran and spider predators were monitored on rice varieties susceptible, moderately resistant, and highly resistant to N. lugens, under insecticide-treated and insecticide-free conditions. Nilaparvata lugens outbreaks and hopperburned plants were observed only in plots of the insecticide-treated susceptible varieties. In insecticide-free plots, the yield of the susceptible variety was lower than those of resistant varieties in only one of four seasons. In plots of a moderately resistant and a highly resistant variety, populations of N. lugens, S. furcifera, Nephotettix spp., and predators were generally similar, and yields did not differ, under both insecticide-treated and insecticide-free conditions. In insecticide-free plots, predator-N. lugens ratios were generally higher on resistant varieties than susceptible varieties. Two conclusions can be drawn from our results relevant to the question of what levels of N. lugens host plant resistance are appropriate for farmers who do not overuse insecticides. First, susceptible varieties will not necessarily be damaged by N. lugens, even when N. lugens outbreaks occur in adjacent plots. Second, moderate and high levels of N. lugens resistance do not appear to be incompatible with biological control of N. lugens or other homopteran pests. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.

publication date

  • 1997
  • 1997
  • 1997