Bruchid resistance of common bean lines having an altered seed protein composition uri icon

abstract

  • Arcelin seed proteins of common bean (Phaseolus vulgar is L.) are toxic to one of the most damaging pests of bean seeds, Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boheman), but they appear to have little effect on another important bean pest, Acanthoscelides obtectus (Say), when introduced into standard cultivars by backcrossing. With the goal of increasing arcelin concentration to improve resistance, we modified seed-protein composition by introducing a null allele for the major seed protein, phaseolin, into lines (SMARC1, 2 and 4) or three phytohemagglutinin types (SMPHA lines). These lines were tested for resistance to both insects by measuring percentage insect emergence (%E) and days-to-adult emergence (DAE). For SMARC lines, arcelin type was the most important factor in resistance levels, with SMARC1 lines being most resistant, SMARC2 lines intermediate. and SMARC4 lines the least resistant to both bruchids. Additionally, the absence of phaseolin was a significant factor in the resistance of SMARC lines to A. obtectus. SMARC1 lines without phaseolin had half the percentage insect emergence of lines with phaseolin. SMARC1 lines with an altered seed composition had the highest levels of resistance to both bruchids of any large-seeded line reported to-date.

publication date

  • 1997
  • 1997