Economic implications of groundwater exploitation in hard rock areas of southern peninsular India uri icon

abstract

  • The present paper analyses the consequences of groundwater exploitation byusing ?eld-level data collected from two distinct well irrigated areas of Karnataka. Thestudy results show that the consequences arising out of groundwater overexploitation aresevere in high well interference area compared to low well interference area. The burden ofwell failure is more or less equally shared by all categories of farmers but small farmers arethe worst victims of resource scarcity. As a result, overexploitation of groundwater hasdifferent impacts on different categories of farmers in terms of access to groundwater, costand returns to groundwater irrigation and its negative externality cost. The study suggestsmaintaining inter-well distance to prevent resource mining and calls for supply anddemand side interventions. The institutional reform is necessary to restore surface waterbodies to facilitate aquifer recharge

publication date

  • 2013
  • 2013