Differential responses of two types of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to autumn- and spring-applied mesosulfuron-methyl uri icon

abstract

  • Field experiments were conducted in the 2005/2006 and 2006/2007 crop seasons to evaluate the tolerance of hard winter wheat (HWW) and soft winter wheat (SWW) varieties to post-emergence mesosulfuron-methyl treatment. The application of mesosulfuron-methyl at 11.25 g a.i.ha(-1) plus a noninonic surfactant at 252 g a.i. ha(-1) to three HWW and three SWW varieties in either autumn (Zadoks stage 14-15) or spring (Zadoks stage 24-25) resulted in visible injury, including chlorisis. stunting and leaf deformities. The greatest injury Occurred at fourteen days after treatment (DAT) for all wheat varieties. All varieties showed the same initial sensitivity to herbicide treatment, but differed significantly in their recovery from plant damages. The HWW varieties recovered more successfully from spring-applied herbicide than the SWW varieties: conversely, the SWW varieties recovered more rapidly from damage caused by autumn-applied herbicide than the HWW varieties. Normalized Difference Vegetative Index (NDVI) values were severely affected by autumn herbicide application for HWW varieties and spring application for SWW varieties. Autumn herbicide application for SWW varieties and spring herbicide application for HWW varieties produced higher grain yields. Based on these data, we conclude that applying mesosulfuron-methyl plus a noninonic surfactant in autumn for SWW varieties and in spring for HWW varieties is optimal, and that application timing has profound implications for herbicide tolerance and production of wheat. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2009
  • 2009