Evaluating the importance of residual effects from previous years’ treatment on the efficiency of different strategies for control of Sahelian grasshoppers with Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum uri icon

abstract

  • A model for the residual effect of previous years' treatment with the mycoinsecticide Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum has been constructed based on field data from treatment of two different grasshopper species in east Niger. This model was incorporated in an earlier developed simulation model to evaluate control strategies for the grasshopper Oedaleus senegalensis in West Africa and the model system was used to assess the potential importance of second year's residual effects for the efficiency of different treatment strategies. It has earlier been hypothesized that the persistence of M. anisopliae and the ability of this agent to impose long-term control on grasshopper populations through secondary cycling in some cases might render the use of M. anisopliae more efficient than the use of chemical insecticides like fenitrothion. Results show that this effect is possible if M. anisopliae is used in a repetitive treatment strategy where control operations are concentrated in the main millet production areas.

publication date

  • 2007
  • 2007