Yield and water productivity of rice-wheat on raised beds at New Delhi, India uri icon

abstract

  • Permanent raised beds are being proposed for the rice-wheat system in the Indo-Gangetic Plain to increase its productivity and to save water. It is not clear whether reported water savings in rice arise front the geometry of the beds per se or from the particular water management that keeps the soil in aerobic conditions and that can also be applied on flat land. Moreover, little research has been reported on direct seeding of rice on raised beds and on the effect of raised beds on the Subsequent wheat crop. In this paper we compare the yield, input water (rainfall and irrigation) use and water productivity of dry-seeded rice on raised beds and flat land with that of flooded transplanted and wet-seeded rice, and analyze the effects of beds on the subsequent wheat crop. The experiment was conducted in 2001-2003 at New Delhi, India.
  • Rice yields on raised beds that were kept around field capacity were 32-42% lower than under flooded transplanted conditions and 21% lower than under flooded wet-seeded conditions. Water inputs were reduced by 32-42% compared with flooded rice, but could also be accomplished with dry seeding on flat land with the same water management. Reduced water inputs and yield reductions balanced each other so that water productivity was comparable among most treatments. Wheat yield was 12-17% lower on raised beds than on flat land with conventional (20 cm) row spacing. Neither wheat nor rice on raised beds compensated for the loss in rows by extra tillering or leaf growth at the edges of the rows. There was no carry-over effect of type of land preparation in rice on the growth and yield of the subsequent wheat crop. Further research on raised beds should focus on the selection of suitable rice and wheat varieties, soil health issues Such as nematodes and micro-nutrient deficiencies, weed control, bed stability and long-term carry-over effects front one crop to the other. (c) 2006 Published by Elsevier B.V.

publication date

  • 2007
  • 2007
  • 2007