Insect pests of rainfed wetland rice in the Philippines: population densities, yield loss, and insecticide management uri icon

abstract

  • Rainfed wetland rice (RWR) had more species in common with irrigated wetland than dryland rice agroccosystems. Across ecosystems, higher pest densities and losses were recorded in RWR sites. We hypothesise that under low pressure from natural enemies, vegetative stage losses became particularly high due the combination of whorl maggot and caseworm damage combined with the physiological stress of transplanting shock. Both of these pest groups benefited from an expanded vegetative period common in RWR agroecosystems. Losses in older rice were probably due to stemborers. RWR is more prone to an array of physiological stresses than irrigated rice that we believe minimises crop compensation to accentuate insect losses. Chemical control is uneconomical mainly due to the low yield potential of RWR and the poor efficacy of applied insecticide.

publication date

  • 2009
  • 2009
  • 2009