Selection before backcross during exotic germplasm introgression uri icon

abstract

  • Introgression of genes from exotic germplasm into breeding populations can broaden the genetic base of crop improvement. Only a very small percentage of genetic variability has been used in crop breeding programs. Traditionally, F-1 plants are used to backcross to the adapted lines or populations. An alternative approach is to backcross the F-2 individuals selected for agronomic acceptability. Our objective was to determine whether selection before backcross would lead to more progenies with both high yield and acceptable levels of agronomic performance than direct backcross without selection. To test the feasibility of the proposed approach, we conducted parallel experiments in which two exotic sorghum accessions were crossed to two adapted sorghum parents and further backcrossing was conducted with either F-1 or selected F-2 plants. Fifty random S-1 families were evaluated in three test environments. Although selection before backcross resulted in a higher frequency of families with maturity equal to or earlier than those of the adapted parents, no consistent changes in grain yield and plant height were observed between populations with and without selection. Similar results were found with either an inbred or a population as the recurrent parents. Given these findings and the extra generation required, we do not recommend selection before backcross in the process of introgression of exotic germplasm. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2009
  • 2009