Rainfed lowland rice: physical environment and cultivar requirements uri icon

abstract

  • The physical environment of the rainfed lowland ecosystem is often characterised and grouped according to the surface hydrology of rice paddies and rice cultivars have been developed for each subecosystem. Rainfall is an important determinant of the yield of rainfed lowland rice, but other factors such as topography and soil fertility also affect grain yield and choice of cultivars, The growing environment and also rice yield vary greatly within small areas as well as across seasons. This causes great difficulty in determining the target population of environments fur a rice breeding program. This paper reviews past work on characterising the variability in the physical environment, and rice production in the rainfed lowland ecosystem. It examines possible connections between this variability and slow progress in developing new cultivars that are widely adapted to the rainfed lowland rice ecosystem. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 1999
  • 1999
  • 1999