Interactions between Sarocladium oryzae and stem attacking fungal pathogens of rice. uri icon

abstract

  • In laboratory tests Sarocladium oryzae, the sheath rot pathogen of rice was found to inhibit the mycelial growth of other stem-attacking rice pathogens. Among those inhibited, Sclerotium oryzae and Gaeumannomyces graminis var. graminis were most sensitive while Pyricularia oryzae and Rhizoctonia solani were less sensitive. Tissue-based tests made with rice culm segments established that Sarocladium oryzae inhibits mycelial growth and delays sclerotium formation in R. solani. Cerulenin, the toxin produced by Sarocladium oryzae showed a toxicity pattern towards rice pathogens similar to that of Sarocladium oryzae. The stem rot pathogen, Sclerotium oryzae was most sensitive to cerulenin. In two greenhouse experiments, IR58 rice plants inoculated with Sarocladium oryzae alone or together with Sclerotium oryzae, G. graminis var. graminis or R. solani were found to have reduced plant height and increased tiller number. Sheath rot severity increased when Sarocladium oryzae was inoculated as a single pathogen or together with others. Sheath rot inoculation reduced stem rot in rice plants by 76 and 58%, respectively, in Experiment 1 and 2. By its known antagonistic interaction towards stem rot and crown sheath rot pathogens which are sensitive to it and by other unknown interactions, sheath rot emerges as the dominant disease.

publication date

  • 1991
  • 1991
  • 1991