Two-Dimensional Simulation Model for Contour Basin Layouts in Southeast Australia. I: Rectangular Basins uri icon

abstract

  • Contour basin irrigation layouts are used to irrigate rice and other cereal crops on heavy cracking soils in Southeast Australia. In this study, a physically based two-dimensional simulation model that incorporates all the features of contour basin irrigation systems is developed. The model's governing equations are based on a zero-inertia approximation to the two-dimensional shallow water equations of motion. The equations of motion are transformed into a single nonlinear advection-diffusion equation in which the friction force is described by Manning's formula. The empirical Kostiakov equation and the quasi-analytical Parlange equation are used to model the infiltration process. The governing equations are solved by using a split-operator approach. The numerical procedure described here is capable of modeling rectangular basins; a procedure for irregular shaped basins is presented in Paper II. The model was validated against field data collected on commercial lasered contour layouts.

publication date

  • 2003
  • 2003