New agendas for agricultural research in developing countries: Policy analysis and institutional implications
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This article argues that the goals of agricultural research in poor countries have changed substantially over the last four decades. In particular they have broadened from the early (and narrow) emphasis on food production to a much wider agenda that includes poverty alleviation, environmental degradation, and social inclusion. Conversely, agricultural research systems have proved remarkably resistant to the concomitant need for changes in research focus. As a result many, at both the national and international level, are under great strain. In terms of public policy the article goes on to suggest that shortcomings of existing conceptual approaches to technology development could be supplemented by adopting analytical principles that view innovation in systemic terms. An approach where flows of knowledge between institutional nodes is a key to innovative performance (the ?National Systems of Innovation? approach) is suggested as one such conceptual framework that might help supplement conventional policy analysis.An earlier version of this paper was presented at a workshop ?New Policy Agendas for Agricultural Research: Implications for Institutional Arrangements? held on 28 March 2000 at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, India. The workshop was supported by the UK Department of International Development (DFID) Crop Post-Harvest Programme as an output of the project ?Optimising Institutional Arrangements.?
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