Correlation between aflatoxin M1 content of breast milk, dietary exposure to aflatoxin B1 and socioeconomic status of lactating mothers in Ogun State, Nigeria. uri icon

abstract

  • Aflatoxin M-1 (AF M-1), a hydroxylated metabolite of AF B-1, is an important toxin that can contaminate the milk of lactating mothers. A correlation study was conducted to determine the relationship between AF M-1 content of breast milk, dietary exposure to AF B-1 and socioeconomic status of lactating mothers in the three Senatorial districts of Ogun State, Nigeria. Equal amounts of breast milk (20 ml) and food rations (40 kg) obtained from 50 volunteer lactating mothers and eighty-two frequently consumed food commodities in the preceding month were used for the study. The level of contamination of the foods by AF B, was low (0.16-0.33 mu g/kg) and differed significantly (p < 0.05) across the state but did not exceed the EU limit of 2 mu g/kg. The occurrence level of AF B-1 was however high (93.75-94.45%) and was more pronounced in Ogun East Senatorial district (94.45%). Eighty-two percent of the breast milk was contaminated with AF M-1 (3.49-35 ng/l) and 16% exceeded the EU limit of 25 ng/l while a 100% occurrence risk was recorded in Ogun Central Senatorial district. The socioeconomic status of the mothers also significantly influenced their dietary exposure and exposure risk of the sucklings to AF M-1. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2013
  • 2013
  • 2013