Food Standards, Certification, and Poverty among Coffee Farmers in Uganda uri icon

abstract

  • Voluntary standards are gaining in importance in global markets for high-value foods. We analyze and compare impacts of three sustainability-oriented standards Fairtrade, Organic, and UTZ on the livelihoods of smallholder coffee farmers in Uganda. Using survey data and propensity score matching with multiple treatments, we find that Fairtrade certification increases household living standards by 30% and reduces the prevalence and depth of poverty. For the other two certification schemes, no significant impacts are found. Several factors that can explain differential impacts are discussed. Overly general statements about the effects of sustainability standards on smallholder livelihoods may be misleading. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2015
  • 2015