Number of genes controlling slow rusting resistance to leaf rust in five spring wheat cultivars uri icon

abstract

  • The number of genes controlling slow rusting resistance to leaf rust (Puccinia triticina) was estimated in five spring wheat (Triticum aestivum) cultivars using quantitative formulae. Parents and F 6 families were evaluated in replicated field trials under epidemics initiated by artificial inoculation. The F 6 families resulted from a diallel cross involving the fast-rusting cultivar Yecora 70 and five slow-rusting wheat cultivars: Sonoita 81, Tanager 'S', Galvez 87, Ures 81, and Moncho 'S'. The area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC) was used to measure leaf rust severity over time. Results indicate that cultivar Sonoita 81 has three or four genes, Tanager 'S' has two or three genes, Galvez 87 has three genes, and both Ures 81 and Moncho 'S' have two genes for slow rusting resistance to leaf rust. Based on this result and previously reported moderate to high narrow-sense heritability estimates for slow rusting resistance in these materials, early-generation selection for slow leaf rusting would be effective.

publication date

  • 2004
  • 2004
  • 2004