Variations of Floral Traits in Asian Cultivated Rice (Oryza sativa L.) and its Wild Relatives (O. rufipogon Griff.) uri icon

abstract

  • To clarify the inter- and intraspecific variations of floral traits in rice, we investigated eleven traits related to pistil, stamen and glume using 128 Asian cultivated rice (Oryza sativa L.) accessions including 72 Indica and 56 Japonica type accessions, and 53 wild rice (O. rufipogon Griff.) accessions including 32 perennial and 21 annual ecotype accessions. We examined the results from three specific levels: intraspecific variation between perennial and annual ecotypes of wild rice, interspecific variation between cultivated rice and wild rice, and intraspecific variation between Indica and Japonica type cultivars. The annual wild rice accessions exhibited a shorter stigma and anther than the perennial wild rice ones. The cultivated rice accessions showed a lower stigma exertion, shorter stigma, shorter anther, and thicker and wider lemma and palea than the wild rice accessions. These floral traits of cultivated rice are considered to play an important role in selfing and high seed production. None of the floral traits showed distinct differences between the Indica and Japonica type accessions in cultivated rice, although the Indica type accessions tended to display a slenderer stigma and glume than the Japonica type accessions. It is suggested that the varietal differentiation into the Indica and Japonica types is not likely to be related to genetic variations of floral traits. We clarified the differences in floral traits between annual and perennial ecotypes of wild rice, between cultivated rice and wild rice, and between the Indica and Japonica type cultivars, and discussed the relationship between genetic variations of floral traits and domestication and varietal differentiation in rice.

publication date

  • 2003
  • 2003
  • 2003