Flowering events in relation to smut susceptibility in pearl millet uri icon

abstract

  • In field experiments at ICRISAT, selected lines of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) resistant and susceptible to smut (Tolyposporium penicillariae) were evaluated for the timing of flowering events. In smut-resistant lines, the time from the boot-leaf stage (inoculation) to stigma emergence varied in the range 46?120 h, from boot to anther emergence 105?190 h, and from stigma emergence to anther emergence (protogyny period) 59?131 h; in smut-susceptible lines, the corresponding periods were 62?140 h, 146?200 h and 44?120 h, respectively. There were no significant correlations between timing of events and smut severity. Three cytoplasmically male-sterile lines showed longer protogyny periods and higher smut severity than their corresponding maintainer lines. Four lines having short protogyny periods (22?52 h) and resistance to ergot (Claviceps fusiformis) also showed high resistance to smut. Resistance to smut in most ergot-susceptible lines was independent of the timing of flow ering events, but in ergot-resistant lines it could be closely related to flowering events

publication date

  • 1989
  • 1989