Fine mapping and identification of tightly linked DNA markers of blast resistance gene Pia by using an introgression line uri icon

abstract

  • An introgression line (INL) for a major rice blast resistance gene, Pia, was developed, with the genetic background of a blast susceptible variety, US-2. The reaction pattern of the INL was characterized by using 20 standard blast isolates from the Philippines. The introgression of the Pia gene was confirmed by DNA markers on the short arm of chromosome 11 where Pia was previously mapped. A genome-wide DNA marker survey revealed that most of the chromosomal regions were US-2 type. By using an F2 population derived from a cross between the INL and US-2, the chromosomal location of the Pia locus was mapped between RM26281 and RM3701. For fine mapping of the Pia locus, five additional markers were developed based on the genomic sequence of the corresponding region of a japonica-type variety, Nipponbare. The candidate region of Pia was delimited between two DNA markers, RM26281 and 82N19365, corresponding to a 140 kb region on the Nipponbare genome sequence. We obtained three DNA markers within this region. The developed INL, information on the map position of Pia, and DNA markers developed in the candidate region of the Pia locus are useful tools for blast resistance studies and a marker-aided breeding strategy.

publication date

  • 2011
  • 2011
  • 2011