Effects of light and nitrogen and their interaction on the dynamics of rice—weed competition uri icon

abstract

  • Light and nitrogen (N) interaction effects on rice (Oryza sativa L., cv. UPLRi-7) were studied in the growth chamber, and effects on its competition with Rottboellia cochinchinensis (Lour.) W.D. Clayton and Echinochloa colonum (L.) Link were studied in the field. In the field, N availability increased the canopy light absorption coefficient, and reduced the sunlit leaf area index of rice. In growth chambers, rice plants grown under conditions of low photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) had higher shoot N concentration than when grown at higher PAR. The photosynthetic rate was strongly correlated with leaf N content per unit leaf area. When no N was applied there was no difference in dry matter yield between plants grown at 150 and 400 muE m-2s-1. At various N levels, dry matter increased with increasing light intensity. A reduction in light intensity did not give a proportionate decrease in plant growth. The results suggest that an increase in shoot N concentration is an adaptive mechanism of shade plants. The limited plant response to N under shade and acclimation of rice to reduced irradiance could be significant factors in light and N interaction on rice-weed competition.

publication date

  • 1993
  • 1993
  • 1993