A comparative assessment of the utility of PCR-based marker systems in pearl millet uri icon

abstract

  • A set of 22 pearl millet inbred lines including the parents of eleven mapping populations, was screened with 627 markers including 100 pearl millet genomic SSRs (gSSRs), 60 pearl millet EST-SSRs (eSSRs), 410 intron sequence haplotypes (ISHs), and 57 exon sequence haplotypes (ESHs). In all, 267 (59%) of the markers were informative for at least one of the 11 mapping populations, which segregate for traits like drought and salinity tolerance; host plant resistance to downy mildew, rust and blast; fertility restoration and sterility and maintenance of cytoplasmic male sterility etc. An average of 116 polymorphic markers was identified per mapping population. The average PIC values and number of profiles (P) per polymorphic marker were: gSSRs (PIC = 0.62, P = 6.1), ISHs (PIC = 0.39, P = 2.6), eSSRs (PIC = 0.36, P = 3.1) and ESHs (PIC = 0.35, P = 3.1). A high correlation (r > 0.97, P < 0.05) was observed between the patterns of diversity exposed by the different marker systems. The polymorphic markers identified are suitable for the de novo construction, or the supplementation of pearl millet linkage maps. The genetic relationships identified among the panel of inbred lines may be useful in designing strategies to improve the use of available genetic variation in the context of pearl millet breeding.

publication date

  • 2010
  • 2010