Quantitative trait loci associated with salinity tolerance in field grown bread wheat uri icon

abstract

  • The differential response to field salinity of the parents of the ITMI wheat mapping population (cv. Opata 85 and the synthetic hexaploid W7984) was exploited to perform a QTL analysis of the response to salinity stress of a set of agronomic traits over two seasons. The material was irrigated either with potable water (EC of 1.0 dS m(-1)) or with diluted seawater (12.0 dS m(-1)). Grain yield was positively correlated with tiller number, plant height, percentage survival, ear weight, ear length, grain number per ear, grain weight and thousand grain weight, and negatively with time to booting, anthesis and physiological maturity, under both the control and salinity stress treatments. In all, 22 QTL were detected under control conditions, and 36 under salinity stress. Of the latter, 13 were major loci (LOD > 3.0) and eight were reproducible across both seasons. Chromosome 2D harboured 15 salinity stress associated QTL and chromosome 4A six such QTL. The remaining loci were located on chromosomes 2A, 5A, 6A, 7A, 1B, 4B, 3B, 6B, 7B and 6D.

publication date

  • 2011
  • 2011