Inheritance of resistance to Karnal bunt (Tilletia indica Mitra) in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) uri icon

abstract

  • The mode of inheritance and allelic relationships among genes conferring resistance to Karnal bunt were studied in seven bread-wheat (six resistant and one susceptible) genotypes. The resistant genotypes originated in China ('Shanghai#8'), Brazil (PF71131), the USA ('Chris'), and Mexico ('Amsel', CMH77.308 and 'Pigeon'). The susceptible line WL711 was from India. Evaluation of these wheat lines and all possible crosses among their F-1 and F-3 generations (about 100 progenies in each cross) revealed that two partially recessive genes conferred the resistance to Karnal bunt in 'Pigeon', whereas four par tially dominant genes were present in the other genotypes. 'Chris', 'Amsel and PF71131 carry one gene, whereas 'Shanghai#8' and CMH77.308 have two genes. 'Chris', 'Amsel, and PF71131 have different genes, whereas one gene was common to PF71131, CMH77.308 and 'Shanghai#8', and another to 'Chris' and CMH77.308. Gene symbols were formally designated to the resistant stocks. Resistance was incomplete and stable.

publication date

  • 1995
  • 1995