Agronomic assessment of ‘beushening’ in rainfed lowland rice cultivation in Bihar, India uri icon

abstract

  • This study was undertaken to understand the details of 'beushening' in the rainfed lowlands of Bihar, India. Findings show that beushening is a combination of the practices of dry seeded and puddled systems of rainfed lowland rice cultivation. Beushening involved direct dry seeding and wet plowing and laddering of the field, 25-35 days after germination. Farmers practiced beushening only on lands where 15-20 cm of water accumulation was possible and used traditional tall rice cultivars (over 120 days duration), that gave no advantage with transplanting. Semi-dwarf short-duration cultivars were unsuitable for beushening as their grain yield decreased significantly owing to plant breakage during wet plowing and laddering. Rice grain yield with beushening even with lower fertilizer rates was comparable with that from transplanted rice. Beushening helped control weeds, especially Echinochloa colona, which is difficult to distinguish from rice, and lessened labor demands in other field operations. Labor demand was also spread over a longer period of time. Beushening is a time-tested traditional agronomic technique for resource management specific to land type, hydrological condition, and rice cultivar.

publication date

  • 1994
  • 1994
  • 1994