Mapping of quantitative trait loci associated with ultraviolet-B resistance in rice (Oryza sativa L.). uri icon

abstract

  • The detection of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with UV-B resistance in rice should allow their practical application in breeding for such a complex trait, and may lead to the identification of gene characteristics and functions. Considerable variation in UV-B resistance exists within cultivated rice (Oryza sativa L.), but its detailed genetic control mechanism has not been well elucidated. We detected putative QTLs associated with the resistance to enhanced UV-B radiation in rice, using 98 BC1F5 (backcross inbred lines; BILs) derived from a cross between Nipponbare (a resistant japonica rice variety) and Kasalath (a sensitive indica rice variety). We used 245 RFLP markers to construct a framework linkage map. BILs and both parents were grown under visible light with or without supplemental UV-B radiation in a growth chamber. In order to evaluate UV-B resistance, we used the relative fresh weight of aerial parts (RFW) and the relative chlorophyll content of leaf blades (RCC). The BIL population exhibited a wide range of variation in RFW and RCC. Using composite interval mapping with a LOD threshold of 2.9, three putative QTLs associated with both RFW and RCC were detected on chromosomes 1, 3 and 10. Nipponbare alleles at the QTLs on chromosome 1 and 10 increased the RFW and RCC, while the Kasalath allele at the QTL on chromosome 3 increased both traits. Furthermore, the existence of both QTLs on chromosomes 1 and 10 for UV-B resistance was confirmed using chromosome segment substitution lines. Plants with Kasalath alleles at the QTL on chromosome 10 were more sensitive to UV-B radiation than plants with them on chromosome 1. These results also provide the information not only for the improvement of UV-B resistance in rice though marker-associated selection, but also for the identification of UV-B resistance mechanisms by using near-isogenic lines.

publication date

  • 2003
  • 2003