Seed quality as affected by nitrogen during true potato seed production and moisture conditions during storage uri icon

abstract

  • The objective was to investigate the effects of moisture conditions in storage at 21 C (+/- 3) on true potato seed (TPS) germination and seedling vigor. The influence of supplemental nitrogen (N) during seed production on these effects was also studied. One set of TPS was stored exposed to ambient humid (> 80% RH) air; the other was stored dry (scaled with silica gel). Germination tests were performed at 7, 11, and 14 months of seed storage. Seedling vigor tests were made at 14, 20, and 23 months.
  • The rate of germination was mostly affected by the moisture conditions during storage. Seed stored dry germinated faster than TPS stored in humid ambient air. The rate of germination increased with time in storage and the percentage of germination was always high ( greater-than-or-equal-to 95%) in dry seed produced with high N. Seedling vigor was mostly affected by N treatments during seed production. High-N seed had a much higher rate and percentage of emergence and seedling dry-weight levels than low-N seed, particularly when stored dry. Seedling vigor criteria decreased with time in storage in low-N seed; in high-N seed, the rate of emergence increased and the percentage of emergence was always high (greater-than-or-equal-to 95%). In conclusion, the TPS should be produced with high N and stored dry for sowing under unfavorable conditions.

publication date

  • 1992
  • 1992