The political economy of the food subsidy system in Bangladesh
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This article examines the operation of the food subsidy, system in Bangladesh from 1980 to 1995 using a political economy, perspective. Two political economy concepts - rent-seeking lobbies and rent-seeking bureaucrats/agents - are found to be useful in providing a partial explanation of why this system has failed to benefit the rural poor: However; each of these explanations is incomplete because if fails to consider the large impact that external actors - USAID and the World Bank - have had on the Bangladesh food subsidy system. One way to improve the ability of this system to reach the poor would be to increase the amount of self-targeting in food subsidies by building on the Food-for-Work programme.
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